This thought places a mental transaction cost, or the energy required to make a buying decision, on the user every time a purchase is considered. If every website requires a small fee to view it, then this cost is placed on the user many times over a short period of time. Additionally, below a threshold […]


This FGDRAM architecture readily lends itself to leveraging existing techniques to reducing the effective DRAM row size in an area efficient manner, reducing wasteful row activate energy in applications with low locality. In addition, when FGDRAM is paired with a memory controller optimized to exploit the additional concurrency provided by the independent grains, it improves […]